**When a magnetic moment m is placed in a magNeticu field B, it experiences a torque which can be expressed in the form of a**** vector product**

**toue=magnetic field(B) * u**

**For a static magnetic moment or a classical current loop, this torque tends to line up the magnetic moment with the magnetic field B, so this represents its lowest energy configuration. But if the magnetic moment arises from the motion of an electron in orbit around a nucleus, the magnetic moment is proportional to the angular momentum of the electron. The torque exerted then produces a change in angular momentum which is perpendicular to that angular momentum, causing the magnetic moment to precess around the direction of the magnetic field rather than settle down in the direction of the magnetic field. This is called Larmor precession.When a torque is exerted perpendicular to the angular momentum L, it produces a change in angular momentum DL which is perpendicular to L, causing it to precess about the z axis. **

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